Tourism in Trabzon
Trabzon, location, history, and climate
Trabzon is located in northeastern Turkey, on the Black Sea coast, on the historic Silk Road, where Trabzon was a commercial gateway to Iran and the Caucasus.
Trabzon was an important point of reference for navigators in the Black Sea in adverse weather conditions, and the famous term “Trabzon lost” is still widely used in the Italian language to describe the loss of direction during navigation.
The area of Trabzon province is about 4,685 square kilometers, with hills constituting 22.4 %, and hills with 77.6 % of the total area.
Trabzon’s history dates back to the 8th century BC. The ruins of this city tell the story of the civilizations that passed through it. It was ruled by Greece, then by the Romans and then Ottoman Muslims, when the Ottoman Sultan Bayezid II opened it. His son (Sultan Selim I) was appointed ruler of Sancak Trabzon.
The climate in Trabzon is characterized by the high rainfall intensity of the Black Sea climate. Which is warm and humid in summer, and the August average temperature of 26.7 ° C, cold and wet, the minimum temperature in the center of the city in January is about 5 °C.
Snowfall in Trabzon is usually between December and March, it lasts for a week or two sometimes, and precipitation may be heavy at the beginning.
Unique attractions in Trabzon
In our article, we divide these tourist attractions in Trabzon by proximity to and from the city center.
First: tourist attractions in the city center
Ayasofya Müzesi Museum and Mosque
This mosque is located in Ortahisar, on a hill overlooking the sea. The mosque of Ayasofia Trabzon was built in 1461 and was considered a symbol of the opening of Trabzon. In 1961, it was transformed into a museum officially and remained until the re-opening for worship in 2013.
The walls of the mosque contain old pictures and decorations, Moreover, thousands of tourists visit the mosque every year from all over the world.
Atatürk White Palace Ataturk Köşkü
This palace is located 5 km from the center of Trabzon. it was built by Greek architect Constantine Capajiandi in 1903, in a style similar to that of the Black Sea buildings in the Crimea. It was built of three floors, on a hill of the Trabzon Hills and, when Ataturk visited the city in 1937, the royal family gave it to him.
The transformed palace is into a museum is distinguished by its beautiful architecture, marvelous gardens and antique furniture that was used in the early 20th century.
The palace is open for visitors from 9 am to 7 pm.
Ataturk White Palace
Trabzon Museum or the Trabzon Müzesi Palace
A decorated palace from the early 20th century. It includes antique and ethnographic exhibits from Trabzon animal statues and the professions of its people; the formulation of gold and other jewels, the types of grains, flowers, and plants in them, as well as statues of the customs and traditions of the people of Trabzon and some types of machines used there.
The museum is located on Uzun Street in Trabzon and is open to visitors from 9 am to 6 pm.
Ottoman fortress located in the city of Trabzon. The castle was built on bases dating back to the Byzantine Empire, with stones from the former historical structures on the site. The castle stretches from a hill overlooking the city to the Black Sea coast.
The castle consists of three parts: the upper castle, the central castle, and the lower castle. Its distinctive Ottoman architecture, scenic nature, and dense green trees also characterize it.